Archive for September 24, 2008

National Agricultural Summary Sept. 15-21, 2008

Corn: A band of heavy rain fell across central Illinois, northern Indiana, and southern Michigan early in the week. Nationally, 90 percent of the corn acreage had reached the dent stage, 8 points behind last year and 5 points behind the 5-year average. Denting was complete in Kansas, North Carolina, Ohio, and Tennessee, and was nearly complete in Kentucky, Minnesota, Nebraska, South Dakota, and Texas. Thirty-three percent of the nation’s corn crop was mature, 43 points behind last year and 30 points behind the 5-year average. Corn acreage was reaching maturity at or ahead of the normal pace in Colorado, North Carolina, and Ohio, but was behind the average elsewhere by as much as 46 points. Producers had harvested 5 percent of the nation’s corn, 15 points behind last year and 9 points behind the average. Condition of the corn crop declined 2 points from the previous week to 59 percent good to excellent.

Soybeans: Significant rain fell early in the week in Illinois, Indiana, and Michigan, while only limited precipitation fell elsewhere. Nationwide, 44 percent of the acreage was dropping leaves, 26 points behind last year and 20 points behind than the 5-year average. Nearly all acreage was dropping leaves behind the average pace. Soybean condition remained unchanged from last week at 57 percent good to excellent.

Winter Wheat: Minimal rain fell across the winter wheat growing area, while temperatures varied from below normal in the south to above normal in the north. Producers had planted 22 percent of the winter wheat acreage, 2 points behind last year and 8 points behind the 5-year average. In the West, producers were seeding their acreage on time or slightly ahead of the usual pace, while planting was mostly behind schedule elsewhere.

Cotton: Most cotton-producing areas received little or no precipitation during the week. Nationally, bolls were open on 52 percent of the acreage, 10 points behind last year and the 5-year average. Producers had harvested 9 percent of the cotton acreage, 3 points behind last year and the 5-year average pace. Harvest had advanced the farthest in Arizona and Texas. The nation’s cotton condition improved 1 point from last week to 48 percent good to excellent.

Sorghum: Coloring had occurred on 80 percent of the sorghum acreage, 16 points behind last year and 6 points behind the 5-year average. Coloring was complete in the Delta and Colorado, at or ahead of the average pace. In New Mexico, coloring was ahead of the average pace. Elsewhere, acreage was coloring behind normal. Nationally, 43 percent of the acreage was mature, 17 points behind last year and 9 points behind the 5-year average. In Illinois, sorghum acreage was developing to maturity 57 points behind the average pace. Thirty-two percent of the nation’s crop was harvested, 9 points behind last year and 4 points behind the 5-year average. Sorghum harvest was underway in the Delta and the southern Great Plains. Sorghum condition was rated 53 percent good to excellent, a 1-point decline from last week.

Rice: Thirty-eight percent of the rice crop had been harvested, 20 points behind last year and 18 points behind the 5-year average. Harvest was behind last year and normal in all States. Sixty-two percent of the rice crop was rated good to excellent, unchanged from the previous week.

Small Grains: Barley acreage was 94 percent harvested, 6 points behind last year and 4 points behind the 5-year average. Harvest was delayed in all States, except Minnesota and North Dakota. Spring Wheat harvest was 97 percent complete, 3 points behind last year and the same as the 5-year average. Harvest was slightly delayed in the Pacific Northwest but was at or ahead of normal elsewhere.

Other Crops: Seven percent of the peanut crop had been harvested, 3 points ahead of last year but 1 point behind the 5-year average. Harvest was at or behind normal in all States. Condition of the crop was rated 66 percent good to excellent, a 1 point decrease from the previous week. Sugarbeet producers had harvested 5 percent of the acreage, 2 points behind last year and 1 point behind the 5-year average. Harvest was within 4 points of the 5-year average in all States.

Source:  USDA

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