Corn: Acreage at or beyond silking reached 59 percent, 28 points behind last year and 22 points behind the 5-year average. One-fourth of the crop reached the silking stage during the week. Major development occurred in Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, and Ohio, where 30 percent or more of the crop began silking during the week. Minnesota’s corn acreage was well behind normal, with only 34 percent at or beyond silking (62 points behind last year and 51 points behind normal). All States were delayed in the Corn Belt, except Michigan. Delays also continued elsewhere, except in Colorado, North Carolina, and Pennsylvania. Silking was complete in North Carolina but was ongoing elsewhere. Corn acreage was 7 percent at or beyond the dough stage, 15 points behind last year and 12 points behind the normal pace. No corn acreage had reached the dough stage in Indiana, Iowa, Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Wisconsin. Nationally, condition of the corn crop was 66 percent good to excellent, a 1-point increase from a week ago.
Soybeans: Sixty-two percent of the soybean acreage was at or beyond the blooming stage, 20 points behind last year and 17 points behind normal. Soybean-producing areas remained dry throughout the week, except in southern Iowa and northeastern Missouri, where an unwelcomed plethora of rain
(locally in excess of 10 inches) fell in isolated areas. Despite the heavy rains, 14 and 13 percent of the acreage bloomed in Iowa and Missouri, respectively, during the week. However, Missouri continued to lag the furthest behind with 28 percent blooming, compared with 63 percent for the 5-year average. All States lagged the normal pace except Louisiana, Michigan, Mississippi, and North Carolina. Pod-setting had occurred in 21 percent of the Nation’s soybean fields, 4 points behind last year and 17 points behind normal. Pod-setting was delayed across all States except Michigan and North Carolina. Nationally, the condition of the crop was rated 62 percent good to excellent, up 1 point from last week.
Winter Wheat: Seventy-nine percent of the winter wheat crop was harvested, 8 points behind last year and 7 points behind the 5-year average. The majority of the crop was harvested in all States, except Idaho, Montana, Oregon, South Dakota, and Washington. In Montana and South Dakota, harvest progress was 35 and 61 points behind normal, respectively. Harvest was complete in Arkansas, Illinois, Kansas, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, and Texas, and neared completion in California, Indiana, and Missouri.
Cotton: Acreage at or beyond the squaring stage reached 89 percent, 1 point ahead of last year but 2 points behind the 5-year average. Squaring was complete in Arkansas, Kansas, and North Carolina, and was nearly complete in Mississippi, Missouri, and Tennessee. The most rapid advancement occurred in Texas, where 16 percent of the plantings reached or exceeded squaring. While most acreage remained within 7 points of the normal squaring pace, cotton acreage in Kansas was 23 points ahead. In contrast, Oklahoma’s squaring was 17 points behind. Nationally, 58 percent of the cotton acreage was setting bolls, 6 points ahead of last year and the same as normal. In Arizona, Kansas, and Oklahoma, boll-setting was delayed by 15 points or more. Elsewhere, progress ranged from 7 points behind normal in Georgia and Louisiana to 13 points ahead of normal in California. Nationally, cotton condition increased 2 points during the week to 47 percent good and excellent.
Sorghum: Nationally, 42 percent of the sorghum crop had headed by week’s end, 11 points behind last year and 4 points behind the 5-year average. Delays were evident in all States when compared with normal, except in Colorado and Louisiana, where heading was ahead of the average by 17 and 3 points, respectively. Coloring, at 27 percent nationally, was 6 points behind last year but 1 point ahead of the 5-year average. Acreage in Arkansas significantly lagged the average, while Colorado’s acreage was 29 points ahead. In Louisiana, where development progressed 16 points during the week, acreage was developing 15 points ahead of the normal pace. Condition of the crop was 51 percent good to excellent nationally, the same as last week.
Rice: Rice acreage at or beyond the heading stage reached 27 percent, 16 points behind last year and 13 points behind the 5-year average. In Louisiana and Texas, more than three-fourths of the acreage was at or beyond heading. Development advanced 10 or more points during the week in all States, except Arkansas. In the Delta, heading in Arkansas and Mississippi lagged 22 and 23 points behind the respective 5-year average values. Nationally, rice condition was rated 70 percent good to excellent, up 3 points from the previous week.
Small Grains: Barley heading, at 96 percent, was nearly complete, lagging 3 points behind last year and 2 points behind the average. Heading was complete in North Dakota and Washington, while the remaining barley-producingStates’ acreage was up to 7 points behind the average. Barley condition declined 1 point from last week to 57 percent good to excellent. Producers had reaped 18 percent of the oat crop, 23 points behind last year and 16 points behind the 5-year average. Harvest was behind the average pace in all States, except in Pennsylvania (1 point ahead of the average) and Texas, where harvest was complete. Oat harvest was significantly delayed in Iowa, Nebraska, and South Dakota, and Nebraska, where progress was lagging average by 33 or more points. Oat condition declined 5 points from the previous week to 57 percent good to excellent.